Cardiovascular fitness is a broad category of physical activity designed to improve your heart’s health and consequently help to prevent cardiovascular diseases. cardiovascular fitness activities include activities such as swimming, running, biking, playing games such as soccer, tennis, football, baseball, softball, rugby, and other competitive sports, walking, and community physical activities. These activities are done through repetitive movements that require strength, agility, endurance, flexibility, and stamina. These activities are performed at different paces for men, women, and children.
Cardiovascular fitness is measured using standard exercise physiology techniques like treadmill walking, bicycling, rowing, and running. It is the sum of all the components of fitness that have proven to increase your heart rate, improve your blood pressure, and reduce your cholesterol.
Aerobic fitness is defined as physical activity of high to low intensity that relies mainly on aerobic capacity. “Aerobically” is defined as relating to, including, or using oxygen, and is measured using ventilations to appropriately meet energy requirements during activity.
The relationship between aerobic exercise and cognitive aging has been a mystery for some time. Exercise intervention is an important component in older adult (especially) exercise programs. Exercise interventions are used to promote and sustain improvements in cardiovascular fitness, to reduce risk of stroke and coronary artery disease, and to promote optimal brain function.
Older adults typically experience many lifestyle changes that adversely affect their physical health and their cognitive function. This includes a reduction in physical activity, a greater consumption of saturated fat, higher levels of stress, and decreased dietary quality.
Importance Of Healthy Heart
A healthy heart is necessary for proper circulation of blood and utilization of energy. Heart problems are the most common reason for death in older adults. To achieve a healthy heart and lungs, your cardiovascular system needs to function optimally.
The circulatory system is the process involved in transporting oxygen and nutrients throughout the body, and in delivering waste products away from the body. As the heart, lungs, and blood flow through your body become less efficient with age, you may notice that your energy level declines, your mood changes, and your sense of well-being worsens.
Improving Cardiovascular Fitness
Improving your cardiovascular fitness can prevent many of the symptoms of heart disease and stroke, and increase your lifespan. It can also reduce the likelihood of developing or maintaining type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain types of cancer. Improving cardiovascular fitness lowers high blood pressure by lowering the force of blood through the arteries. It can also reduce the buildup of plaques in the arteries, which are characterized by hard, sticky material that collects inside the arterial walls.
Cardiovascular fitness can be achieved in a number of ways, including resistance training, endurance activities, and flexibility training. Resistance training improves muscle strength and improves your cardiorespiratory fitness. It is the basis for most forms of exercise.
Endurance activities increase your heart rate and improve your cardiovascular fitness. And while flexibility training improves muscle flexibility, it also improves your body’s resistance to damage from stress, reduces swelling from injury, and increases muscle strength. Improving your cardiovascular fitness with all three components allows your heart and lungs to work together more efficiently.
Light To Moderate Exercise
There are many different types of exercise that improve your cardiovascular fitness. Many individuals may benefit from light to moderate bicycling, swimming, walking, or other light to moderate physical activity. In recent years, a very important component of overall cardiovascular fitness has been the addition of some cognitive activity to the regimen.
Cognitive activities can improve cognitive function, which can help in preventing and improving many health problems. For example, cognitive exercises have been shown to improve inhibitory functions, which can lead to better circulation and decreased LDL cholesterol levels, which have been associated with heart disease. Some recent studies have also indicated that cognitive activities can reduce stress-related disorders and mortality.
Studies have also indicated that regular exercise can improve cardiorespiratory endurance and increase muscle strength. This makes perfect sense since the more muscles you have, the more calories you burn. The same studies also suggest that exercise can decrease total body fat and improve cardiorespiratory endurance. It just might be one of the keys to your long term health and well-being.